Otoplasty

(ear surgery)

Indication: 

Some people are born with malformed ears, i.e., with ears abnormally shaped. The most common abnormality is the so-called “Dumbo ears” [prominent ears], where the external border protrudes from the head, and therefore the ears seem to be larger. These ears usually also have a shallow antihelix (the fold inside the ear), which makes them look like parabolic dish antennas.
Otoplasty is the surgery designed to correct these abnormalities, reshaping the antihelix and reducing the distance between the back of the ear and the scalp. The ideal age for correction is 6, when the ear has already reached the adult size and the child is starting school.

Type of anesthesia: 

Local, local with sedation or general anesthesia.

Length of hospital stay: 

The patient may be discharged on the same day or one day after surgery.

Postoperative:

Any trauma to the ears should be avoided, including lying over them in bed, for 3 weeks. An elastic bandage must be used to protect the ear and keep it immobilized close to the head. The period during which it must be used varies, at the surgeon’s discretion, from 14 to 21 days, as well as there is variation in the recommendation for using it during the day and/or at night.

Complications: 

They are rare. However, as every surgery bears some risks, we should mention: hematoma, infection, dehiscence (separation of the suture edges), hypertrophic scar (exacerbation).

Definitive result: 

Soon after surgery, the ear is practically in the final shape, but there is still edema (swelling) and ecchymosis (bruising), which resolve in up to 21 days. The scar takes 6 months to mature.